Buried in the Budget: Directors in the Firing Line

In the Harry Potter books the members of the Order of the Phoenix are the good guys struggling against Lord Voldemort and the corrupt Ministry of Magic. To the Federal government and ASIC, however, “phoenixing” is an evil to be eradicated.

The Budget papers

ASIC and other agencies of the Government have already made a number of pronouncements on this, and the 2018 Budget Measures papers set out what the Government proposes to do (somewhat quixotically in the section under the heading Jobs and Innovation). This is what they say:

The Government will reform the corporations and tax laws and provide the regulators with additional tools to assist them to deter and disrupt illegal phoenix activity. The package includes reforms to:

  • introduce new phoenix offences to target those who conduct or facilitate illegal phoenixing;
  • prevent directors improperly backdating resignations to avoid liability or prosecution;
  • limit the ability of directors to resign when this would leave the company with no directors;
  • restrict the ability of related creditors to vote on the appointment, removal or replacement of an external administrator;
  • extend the Director Penalty Regime to GST, luxury car tax and wine equalisation tax, making directors personally liable for the company’s debts; and
  • expand the ATO’s power to retain refunds where there are outstanding tax lodgements.

The papers go on to say “The reforms to combat illegal phoenixing complement and build on the work of the government’s Phoenix, Serious Financial Crime and Black Economy taskforces, and other announced reforms”. These other reforms include:

  • introduction of a Director Identification Number (which would be a similar concept to an ACN or ABN to trace activities of directors with different entities);
  • reforms to address corporate misuse of the Fair Entitlements Guarantee; and
  • measures to tackle non-payment of the Superannuation Guarantee Charge.

The majority of these measures are clearly directed at directors, although “friendly” advisors and liquidators may also face increased accountability. The lives of directors may potentially become more complicated. ASIC and the Government, however, point out, rightly, that illegal phoenix activity is a serious problem affecting many innocent workers and traders.

This is how ASIC describes illegal phoenix activity:

What is illegal phoenix activity?

The key difference between a legitimate business rescue and illegal phoenix activity is the director’s intentions to avoid paying debts and liabilities.

Illegal phoenix activity severely impacts those owed money and gives these business operators an unfair competitive business advantage.

Not all company failures involve illegal phoenix activity. Genuine company failures do occur. Where directors responsibly manage a business but it fails, that business may continue after liquidation under another corporate entity without, necessarily, involving illegal phoenix activity.

There is no detail in the Budget Measures papers as to how the proposals will be implemented. It does seem likely that the Government will consider increasing criminal penalties for financial and corporate misconduct and possibly creating new accessory offences.

Directors already have duties of care and diligence and good faith and other duties under the Corporations Act, and must be very careful, particularly in any situation where it appears that a company may be likely to be trading insolvently.

When more detail is known, or draft legislation is available, it may be prudent for directors to take advice in relation to any increased obligations. Hopefully, ASIC and the Government will not go so far as to rely on Dementors or incarceration in Azkaban.

For more information, please contact:
Sandy Donaldson

Sandy Donaldson
p.  +61 8 8124 1954
e.  Email me

This communication provides general information which is current as at the time of production. The information contained in this communication does not constitute advice and should not be relied upon as such. Professional advice should be sought prior to any action being taken in reliance on any of the information. Should you wish to discuss any matter raised in this report, or what it means for you, your business or your clients' businesses, please feel free to contact us.

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